Photogram - Time evolution in one frame

A Photogram is a fixed picture that visually represents a scene throughout time. See examples below.

The input is the series of time-lapse images, for instance a sunset. After very short process, the time-lapse is transformed into the output photogram. By scanning the image horizontally, the viewer can appreciate several extracts from different moments in time.

The aim of this page is to explain how the Photogram app works and how anyone can create their own Photogram in a few simple steps.

Transforming a timelapse into a Photogram :

15 stripe - Photogram with time information

The input is a conventional timelapse.

Original Timelapse ©Loïck Toupin

After choosing your preferred settings, hit the render button and get your result :

5 stripes
600 stripes

Time evolves within the Photogram : in the same result we see moments from before sunset and from after.

Settings to tweak :

1. Choose the range of pictures

Within the whole timelapse, set the left and right cursors in order to fix the start and stop points in time for your Photogram.

2. Choose the number of desired stripes

This slider sets how many pictures will be used; they will appear as vertical stripes.

3. Choose the direction of the timelapse within the Photogram

Time can flow from left to right, right to left, inside out, or outside in. For instance when choosing left to right, the beginning of your timelapse (or chosen range) will appear at the left of the Photogram, and the end of the timelapse (or range) will appear at the right.

Notice how I already render and easily change some parameters to get a better result.

4. Save your file

After finding a satisfying render, click on save to export your Photogram.

An Open-Folder button is available in the export settings at the left.

The main process is finished ! The next steps are related to specific and non mandatory settings.

5. Add timestamps

This table enables to print the original picture timestamps on each stripe.

This option is especially useful to help the understanding of what a Photogram is.

6. Shift the center

In the centered modes inside-out and outside-in, you may have seen a yellow stripe appearing during the setting-up. It marks the point where the timelapse transitions from progressing forward, like from 7 pm to 8 pm, to reversing direction, moving back from 8 pm to 7 pm for instance.

The following settings allows to shift this center, in order to emphasize a point of interest which is not directly located in the center.

7. Local variations

Initially, time evolves in a linear manner (constant step in time between two pictures). This tool, based on a Gaussian distribution, allows to amplify or diminish a specific period of the time-lapse.

Amplified Photogram
Diminished Photogram

Notice how the purple tints of the sky appear in the first photogram and vanish in the second one.

This tool allows you to smoothly but strongly emphasize a specific period of your time-lapse, for instance some nice colors in the sky, or to diminish one where the lighting would not be especially interesting.

Available soon on Microsoft store.

This Desktop Application is a personal project created during my erasmus year at the Technical University Dresden, Germany. It is inspired from the concept of timeslices that exists for videos. For any suggestion or critic please write me.